Makarasana yoga is also known as the crocodile pose and may be beneficial for stress-relieving, lower-back pain, sciatica, asthma, calming the mind, etc. The makarasana posture resembles a crocodile resting in water with its head and neck peaking above the water level.
Bhujangasana or Cobra Pose is a reclining back-bending asana in hatha yoga and modern yoga as exercise. It is commonly performed in a cycle of asanas in Surya Namaskar, Salute to the Sun, as an alternative to Urdhva Mukha Svanasana, Upward Dog Pose. The Yin Yoga form is Sphinx Pose.